India to obtain its second spaceport, land acquisition work begins in Tamil Nadu

NEW DELHI: Work in the second country began when the Space Research Organization of India (Isro) is preparing to increase launch activities in the coming years.

Days after the Union minister for the space department Jitendra Singh informed Rajya Sabha in the current session that the government has a proposal to establish a rocket launching platform near Kulasekarapattinam in Tamil Nadu, the president of Isro, K Sivan confirmed to TOI that the land The acquisition process has begun in Tuticorin for the second spaceport. ” The main countries that travel to space have multiple rocket launch centers.

Sivan said the Tuticorin spaceport will primarily serve the launch of recently developed small satellite launch vehicles (SSLV or mini-PSLV). The initial launches (about two) of the SSLV will be from, but once the second spaceport is ready, subsequent SSLV launches will move there. ” The president of Isro also confirmed that the first launch of SSLV with a load capacity of around 500 kg will take place in the first quarter of 2020. He said that depending on subsequent demands, other rockets could also be launched from the proposed spaceport.

By listing the advantages of the TN spaceport, the president of Isro told TOI that direct launches to the south will be possible since the launching center in Tamil Nadu is on the seashore. Due to the straight road, we can transport more payloads. Currently, we cannot launch rockets south from Sriharikota (Satish Dhawan Space Center in Andhra Pradesh) and all rockets have to fly around Sri Lanka. The rocket's trajectory is not straight, but must be maneuvered around Sri Lanka. That is why we cannot carry more payloads on current launches from Sriharikota. The TN spaceport will be ideal for placing satellites in the polar orbit through a PSLV and not for GSLV launches into the geostationary orbit.

Another advantage of the proposed TN spaceport is that it will be closer to the Mahendragiri Liquid Propulsion Systems Center in the Tirunelveli district of TN, which joins the second and fourth stages of the PSLV.

As for the area, the launch center in Tamil Nadu will be smaller than SHAR, Sivan said. According to one estimate, the land requirement for the Tuticorin spaceport will be around 2,300 acres, while Sriharikota is actually an island that covers an area of ​​145 square kilometers with a coastal length of 27 km.

If the first Thumba equatorial rocket launching station in the country in Kerala is also taken into account, the proposed TN spaceport will ideally be the third launching center in India. Currently, no large rockets are launched from Thumba.