Overcrowding continues in Indian prisons, the situation is worse in UP despite: NCRB
NEW DELHI: The problem of overcrowding in prisons across the country continues to persist, the latest data (NCRB) on prisons in India reveals.
Overcrowding in prisons persisted during 2015-2017, as the number of inmates increased by 7.4 percent during the period, exceeding the growth rate of 6.8 of the capacity of prisons to house prisoners there period, revealed the recently published NCRB report, compiling data for 2015 to 2017.
The NCRB report said that a total of 1,361 prisons across the country had more than 4.50 lakh prisoners, about 60,000 more than the total capacity of all prisons, at the end of 2017.
He said that the number of inmates exceeded despite the fact that the accommodation capacity of the prisons increased from 3.66 lakh in 2015 to 3.80 lakh in 2016 and 3.91,574 in 2017, registering a 6.8% increase in the accommodation capacity of the prisons during the period.
However, by exceeding the growth rate of prison accommodation capacity, the number of prisoners increased from 4.19 lakh in 2015 to 4.33 lakh in 2016 and 4.50 lakh in 2017, registering an increase of 7 , 4% in 2015-2017, according to the NCRB report. said.
Because the number of inmates increased at a rate higher than the accommodation capacity of prisons, the occupancy rate in prisons increased from 114.4 percent in 2015 to 115.1 percent in 2017, the data showed.
Of the 4.50 lakh prisoners housed in several prisons at the end of 2017, 4.31,823 were men and 18,873 women, he said.
Among the states, the NCRB report revealed, Uttar Pradesh faced the most serious problem of overcrowding in its prisons despite having the greatest capacity to house prisoners across all states. This was UP also had the highest number of inmates.
Uttar Pradesh has a total of 70 prisons, which together can accommodate 58,400 prisoners, representing 14.9 percent of the total capacity of the Indian prison to house prisoners.
But with a total of 96,383 inmates at the end of 2017, Uttar Pradesh had an occupancy rate of over 165 percent, according to the NCRB report.
After UP, Bihar had the capacity to house 39,913 prisoners in its 58 prisons in 2017, which contributed to an accommodation capacity of 10.2 percent, but had to accommodate 40,186 prisoners.
After Bihar, Madhya Pradesh, which has 123 prisons, has the capacity to house 28,227 inmates, contributing 7.2 percent to the total accommodation capacity of Indian prisons, but had a total of 38,708 prisoners in 2017
UP had the largest number of prisoners (96,383), contributing 21.4 percent of the total prisoners followed by Bihar (40,186), MP (38,708), Maharashtra (33,699), Punjab (24,048) and West Bengal (23,092) at 31 December, 2017
These states together contribute around 56.8 percent of total prisoners nationwide, â €? The NCRB said.
UP reported the highest occupancy rate of 165.04 percent, followed by Chhattisgarh (157.23 percent) and Delhi (151.22 percent) as of December 31, 2017, the statistics revealed.
According to the NCRB, the country's central prisons had the highest capacity of inmates (1.74 lakh) followed by district prisons (capacity of 1.53 lakh inmates) and sub-jails (capacity of 44,577 inmates).
The largest number of inmates were housed in central prisons (2.04 lakh) followed by district prisons (1.97 lakh) and sub-prisons (35,541) at the end of 2017, according to the data.
The NCRB, under the Ministry of Interior of the Union, is responsible for compiling and analyzing prison statistics in the country.