Constantly, UP is changing the deadly tide of encephalitis

GORAKHPUR: Aryan Singh, seven, could have known the same fate as his cousin, who died seven years ago because the nearest hospital was too far away.

When Aryan had a low-grade fever in mid-September, her mother initially said goodbye, running to the hospital only when her temperature skyrocketed during the night.

Doctors hospitalized Aryan after he was diagnosed with a bacterial infection spread by rats and mites that accounts for 40% of the identifiable causes of a life-threatening brain inflammation that prevails in parts of southern Asia and sub-Saharan Africa.

A vaccine for a strain, Japanese encephalitis , is available, but there is no protection against tensions caused by. The survival rate is high if treated early. The boy is on his way to recovery, said Dr. K P Yadav, in charge of primary health care at the center.

Acute encephalitis syndrome, including Japanese encephalitis , is caused by several different viruses, bacteria, fungi, parasites, spirochetes, chemical and toxins. The outbreak coincides with the June-October monsoon season and post-monsoon period when the density of mosquitoes increases. It spreads from pigs to people via mosquitoes, and is easily identified through testing. Nearly 25,000 children in India died from encephalitis since 1978.

Eastern UP experienced the worst outbreak of encephalitis in India in 2005, with more than 1,500 deaths reported in the state. But things are changing in UP. Encephalitis cases have been drastically reduced due to a new network of rural clinics, doctors and state government officials said.

But a massive immunization and cleanup campaign in 2017 is drastically reducing the death rate, CM said.

Small hospitals are being set up within 10km of the most disease-prone villages. Over 40 lakh children were given vaccines against Japanese encephalitis between January and March. Last year, 35 lakh children were vaccinated.

The state claims a steady decline in deaths from encephalitis in the last two years. In 2017, encephalitis took 748 lives. The figure fell to 278 in 2018. As of August 31, only 38 children had died of the disease. Dr. R N Singh said there was no way to verify government claims, but that a decrease was visible. agencies