This is how your regular chapati is different from corn chapati

Shipra Srivastava, a media professional feels that there is nothing better than savoring freshly made hot chapatis with a delicious sabzi and dal. Although there are several delicacies, there is no better comfort food than a delicious homemade chapati.

Well, when it comes to Indian foods, Chapati is an inseparable part of most Indian Thalis. In fact, there are several variants of this flatbread and each region has a unique way of preparing or serving it.

Chapati also known as Indian flatbread is an important part of meals. Chapati or Roti is one of the most common types of bread consumed, especially in India, where it is almost essential to have chapati or roti at least once a day. The chapati is served together with any curry or dry dish to complete the meal or, alternatively, it is filled with any dried vegetables and made in a roll to take as a snack to go. There are several recipes for making chapatis throughout the country. The main variation in all preparations is the type of flour used.

Chapatis can be made with rice flour, wheat flour, all-purpose flour, cornmeal, etc. Each of these recipes knows, feels and looks different from the others and is also used to prepare different types of breads. Maida or all-purpose flour is used to make bhaturas, naan, rice flour is mainly used in preparations of dishes from South India, kiss or gram flour is used to make gluten free, missi roti, dhoklas , etc. The most common flour used to make chapatis in Northern India is wheat flour and cornmeal, known as cornmeal. In this article we explore the differences between the two and evaluate their uses.


Wheat flour

Whole wheat flour, maida (all purpose) flour and sooji (semolina) flour are all made of wheat flour and are popularly used in preparation of North Indian breads. Out of these, whole wheat flour, commonly called atta, is considered the healthiest. Chapatis are mostly made of whole wheat flour. Whole wheat flour is also used to make other breads like pooris and parathas. Whole wheat flour is made of whole grain, which means it contains wheat grain, the husk bran, endosperm. This type of flour contains gluten. Wheat flour contains high quantities of proteins. Additionally, wheat is rich in vitamins and minerals, iron and calcium . Whole wheat also contains a lot of fiber, which makes it good for intestinal health. Wheat consumption has been shown to reduce the risk of certain types of cancer, such as colon cancer. It also helps improve digestion. On the negative side, since it is abundant in gluten, it has adverse effects on the health of people intolerant to gluten.


Cornmeal or maize flour is widely used to make tortillas, chips and even breads. Known as makkai (makki) in Hindi, maize flour makes for a very popular ingredient in the Northern state of Punjab where it is consumed in the form of Makki ki Roti. Makki ki roti, or maize flour is an essential part of the meal, especially in winter. This type of flour is obtained by milling dried corn kernel and is yellow in colour. This flour does not contain gluten and so it makes is edible for people who are allergic to gluten. After wheat flour, maize/corn flour is the most consumed flour. Cornmeal has lower calories compared to wheat flour. It is high in proteins and starch. Maize is also rich in iron, phosphorous, zinc and various vitamins. Abundant in antioxidants, maize flour is proven to be good for eyesight, and also helps in the prevention of cancer, and anemia.

Difference and which one is better?

The main difference between corn and wheat flour is in their texture and flavour. Maize cannot replace flour in various dishes. On the other hand, maize flour is gluten free and so can be consumed by everyone. Nutrition wise, corn flour contains higher amounts of fats. Wheat flour is richer than corn flour in protein, fibre, vitamins and minerals and calories. Whole wheat flour is healthier than corn flour. However, this largely depends on the recipe and the dish it is used in. Both the flour are essential in providing a balanced diet and consumed in moderation the flours are unlikely to harm your health.