New Delhi falls 6 notches in the ranking of most livable cities in the world due to climate change
New Delhi, September 4 () The national capital has been reduced by six places to be ranked 118th in the list of the most livable cities in the world due to the increase in cases of misdemeanors and poor air quality, a survey showed annual conducted by The Economist Intelligence Unit. Wednesday.
While New Delhi registered the biggest decline in Asia, Mumbai also fell two places since last year to be ranked 119th on the list headed by Vienna (Austria) for the second year in a row.
The EIU also marked an escalation in abuses against journalists in recent years in India, citing a decrease in the country's ranking in the Press Freedom Index of Reporters Without Borders, where India is now in the lower quartile of countries .
The study said that Asian cities generally scored slightly below the world average, while three Asian cities: Port Moresby in Papua New Guinea (135), Karachi from Pakistan (136) and Dhaka from Bangladesh (138), are found among the ten least habitable in the world. .
The EIU said that the decline in the Mumbai range was mainly due to a decline in its cultural score, while New Delhi has fallen in the index due to declines in its culture and environment score, as well as the fall in the stability score due to the increase in crime rates.
This year we also observe the demonstrable impact of the effects of climate change on habitability. Several cities, such as New Delhi in India and Cairo in Egypt, received a substantial decrease in their scores due to problems related to climate change, such as poor air quality, undesirable average temperatures and inadequate water supply, the report said.
The EIU said its classification of 140 cities is based on its scores in five broad categories: stability, health, culture and environment, education and infrastructure. Every factor in a city is rated acceptable, tolerable, uncomfortable, undesirable or intolerable.
We expect that problems related to climate change will put increasing pressure on habitability scores in the coming years and that the number of cities affected will grow.
In recent years, life capacity in general has increased, thanks to improvements in stability and better education and provision of medical care in cities within emerging markets. But these improvements are under a serious threat of an increasingly adverse climate, said EIU global forecasting director Agathe Demarais.
While New Delhi was awarded a general score of 56.3, Mumbai scored 56.2, while Vienna, the best ranked, scored 99.1 and Damascus (Syria), which scored the lowest, scored 30.7 points.
A score between 50-60 points, as is the case in India, indicates restricted habitability conditions.
The 2018 update of the Global Environmental Air Quality Database of the World Health Organization (WHO) shows that New Delhi has the sixth highest annual average concentration of fine particles among cities worldwide.
Companies pay a premium (usually a percentage of a salary) to employees who move to cities where living conditions are particularly difficult and there are excessive physical difficulties or a remarkably unhealthy environment. The suggested allocation for Indian cities is 15 percent.
Among the BRIC countries, Rio de Janeiro (Brazil) ranked 89, Moscow (Russia) in 68, St. Petersburg (Russia) in 71. The Chinese cities on the list include Suzhou in the range 75, Beijing 76 , Tianjin 79, Shanghai 80, Shenzhen 84, Dalian 90, Guangzhou 96 and Qingdao 97.
Several major cities in the world received mixed scores. London and New York ranked 48 and 58 of the 140 cities in the survey. Both have a very high rating for their cultural comforts, but they fight in the stability category, due to perceptions of the risk of crime and terrorism. Infrastructure is also perceived as a weakness, as both cities struggle to cope with growing pains. The report noted. DRR BJ ANU ANU