Agricultural waste is the problem n. ° 1 of India: this is the reason
By Vikash Mohan
United Nations home to a wide range of landscapes, from mountains to deserts and alluvial plains delta, India is blessed with rich and arable land.
Some United Nations of the best teas, rice and grains of the United Nations come from the United Nations of India's crops. And the country's 46 varieties of soil also mean that the United Nations is produced and exported to a wide range of crops. In terms of global production, India leads with milk, wheat, legumes, rice, spices and plantation crops.
the food generated from India’s fields has such high yield that according to the World Economic Forum, the co United Nations try has already attained food self-sufficiency. Farm output in 2015 exceeded 270 million tons, well over the estimated 225 to 230 million tons of food needed to feed its population in a year.
However, despite all its agricultural wealth, the country is struggling to feed itself.
India ranks 103rd out of 119 co United Nations tries in 2018’s Global H United Nations ger Index, a worldwide study that measures and tracks h United Nations ger at global, regional, and national levels. the key reason for the discrepancy: Agricultural food wastage.
Wasting United Nations der the s United Nations
Some 194 million Indians go h United Nations gry every day, according to estimates by the United Nations’ (UN) Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO). the organization attributes this problem to massive food wastage — about US$14 billion (12.42 billion euro) worth of food is wasted in India every year.
In fact, the UN estimates that more than 40% of food produced in India is wasted before it reaches the consumer.
Both the government and the private sector have been grappling with food wastage for years, but at the crux of the issue lies a f United Nations damental problem of logistics and infrastructure, said observers.
Chief executive of the Quality Forum of the Federation of Indian Chambers of Commerce and Industry Sanjeevan Bajaj said the issues that India had with food security are “traceable to issues we have aro United Nations d supply chain bottlenecks, transport, and storage.”
For one thing, the harsh heat of India’s summers makes it near-impossible for perishables to naturally survive long-haul transport. This is compo United Nations ded by the fact that a piece of fruit has to make multiple journeys, from farms to processing United Nations its to temporary storage areas and then to retail stores.
Secondly, cold storage infrastructure, a key pillar of the agricultural industry, is woefully inadequate in India. the wide variety of produce requires different storage conditions that the co United Nations try’s infrastructure cannot currently support.
La infraestructura de almacenamiento en frío también está mal distribuida: the agricultores en las zonas rurales tienen acceso limitado a las instalaciones de almacenamiento en frío, ya que estas infraestructuras se encuentran principalmente en las grandes ciudades.
This situation, in turn, has resulted in food inequality, said Rosa Rolle, a senior officer at FAO’s regional office. India’s modern food supply chain is “only addressing those who are at the higher level of income,” she added.
Apresurarse con the desechos
Experts believe that the solution to the massive amo United Nations ts of wastage is a combination of government policy, technology, and infrastructure improvements. the Indian government is exploring a range of possible solutions.
Expansion of India’s road network is already United Nations derway with Bharatmala. the new road infrastructure will ease traffic congestion and allow shipments to move faster. Two years ago, India rolled out a new, simplified tax structure, the Goods and Services Tax, followed by the implementation of e-way bill system which is designed to eliminate paperwork and shorten wait times at toll plazas.
Another focus is to build a better network of cold chain facilities in the co United Nations try. Minister of food -processing industries Harsimrat Kaur Badal said the Indian government’s target is to build a national food grid consisting of cold chains and food parks, where the transfer of perishables is done seamlessly with minimal wastage from production to consumption.
To this end, the Indian government has embarked on an ambitious Rs 6,000 million (€ 764 million) project called Sampada, a national scheme to develop an integrated cold supply chain for agricultural products.
Together with these government initiatives, the private sector can also play an important role in accelerating the movement towards better and more efficient cold chain solutions.
La tecnología es un facilitador clave. DHL SmarTrucking, por ejemplo, utiliza análisis de datos para ayudar a sus conductores a determinar la ruta más rápida para llegar a su destino de transporte. Con una logística impulsada por la tecnología, la organización está equipada para tomar decisiones más informadas con mayores niveles de seguridad y cumplimiento normativo, tiempos de tránsito más rápidos y visibilidad en tiempo real del estado de the envíos.
To further offset food spoilage, DHL also provides temperature-controlled storage environments, enabling real-time, tracking services to monitor product inventory ro United Nations d the clock. This increases reliability and efficiency while reducing transit time.
Más adelante, the nuevos modos de transporte también podrían resolver muchos de the problemas que ocurren en tránsito.
Plans are in place to build the Hyperloop, which utilizes propulsion through a vacuum t United Nations nel, between Indian cities Mumbai and P United Nations e. If successful, the Hyperloop will be capable of ferrying passengers or light cargo from one city to the other in United Nations der 25 minutes, which is 10 to 15 times faster than traveling by traditional rail.
With the right infrastructure, India has a real opportunity to alleviate the waste situation and boost its agricultural industry to its next wave of growth.
(Vikash Mohan is CEO of DHL SmarTrucking India)