The prevalence of metabolic syndrome is as high as 33% in women with PCOS

PUNE: Many patients with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) also have characteristics of the metabolic syndrome, which include insulin resistance , obesity and dyslipidemia, which suggests an increased risk of cardiovascular disease , experts say.

Dyslipidemia is an abnormal amount of lipids in the blood.

In elaborating, Laha said: The exact cause of PCOS is unknown. Early diagnosis and treatment along with weight loss can reduce the risk of long-term complications, such as type 2 diabetes and heart disease.

Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a hormonal disorder that is common among women of reproductive age and affects 10-18% of women. Women with PCOS may have infrequent or prolonged menstrual periods or excess male hormone ( androgynous ) levels.

“Binge eating can increase insulin secretion and insulin resistance . Thus, the safest and cheapest therapy that has shown benefit both in diabetes and PCOS is weight loss by lifestyle modifications," Laha said.

Weight loss after bariatric surgery also leads to improvements in insulin resistance , hypertension, and dyslipidaemia.

Similarly, 150 minutes of exercise per week including 90 minutes of moderate intensity aerobic activity, resulting in a net loss of 7% of body weight and a 58% reduction in progression to diabetes, Laha said.