China presents a WTO case against the United States

HONG KONG/GENEVA (Reuters) - China has filed a complaint against the United States with the World Trade Organization for import tariffs from the US. UU.

The United States began imposing 15% tariffs on a variety of Chinese products on Sunday and China began imposing new tariffs on US crude oil, the last escalation in its trade war.

China did not disclose details of its legal case, but said US tariffs. UU. They affected Chinese exports of 300 billion dollars.

The latest tariff actions violated the consensus reached by the leaders of China and the United States at a meeting in Osaka, the Commerce Ministry said in the statement. China will defend its legal rights in accordance with WTO rules, he said.

The lawsuit is the third that Beijing presents to challenge China's specific tariffs by US President Donald Trump in the WTO, the international organization that limits the tariffs that each country can charge.

US officials say they are penalizing China for theft of intellectual property that is not covered by WTO rules, although many trade experts say that any increase in tariffs above the maximum allowed should be justified in the WTO.

Many experts also denounce China's decision to fight fire with fire, imposing tariffs on US products imported into China, also without WTO approval.

On Friday, the United States published a written defense in the first of three legal cases, stating that China and the United States agreed that the issue should not be judged in the WTO.

China has made the unilateral decision to adopt aggressive industrial policy measures to steal or unfairly acquire the technology of its trading partners; The United States has adopted tariff measures to try to eliminate China's unfair and distorting technology transfer policies. He said.

China had chosen to respond not by addressing the concerns of the United States but with its own tariffs, in an effort to maintain its unfair policies indefinitely.

The presentation by the United States also said its actions were exempt from the WTO rules because they were necessary measures to protect public morals, a clause used in the past to defend trade restrictions on gambling, animal rights and public transmission

According to WTO rules, Washington has 60 days to try to resolve the latest dispute. Then China could ask the WTO to judge, a process that would take several years. It could end with obtaining the approval of the WTO by China to take trade sanctions, if it is discovered that the United States has violated the rules.

(Reports by Meg Shen and Tom Miles; Peter Graff edition, Larry King)