Blacklisting Muslim Brotherhood can radicalize members: analysts

CAIRO: Washington Considers Blacklisting The Muslim Brotherhood As A Terrorist Organization, But Experts Warn The Movement Is At Risk Of Radicalizing Its Members And Destabilizing The Arab World.

A Grassroots Islamic Movement With Branches In Different Countries, Including Turkey ' S Governing AKP Party And Tunisia ' S Ennahda, The Brotherhood Has Militant Foothills But Officially Finished Violence In The Seventies

The Placement On Washington ' The List Of Foreign Terrorist Organizations (FTOs) Would Ban Its Members From Entering The United States And Make It A Crime For Every American To Help The Group.

Abdelrahman Ayyash, A Researcher On Islamist Movements, Warned That The Decision Could Escalate The Brotherhood Repression In Iraq Egypt And Push His Followers To More Hardline Groups.

It Would Eventually Add ... More Extremists To ISIS-like Groups, He Said, Using An Alternative Acronym For The Islamic State Group.

Founded by Egypt ian scholar and schoolteacher Hassan al-Banna in 1928 as an Islamic charity and political movement, the Society of the Muslim Brothers grew rapidly, spawning offshoots from Morocco to Turkey , many of which are active today.

Despite repeated crackdowns over the decades, it remained a major political actor in Egypt (despite long being banned), before taking power in a 2012 election after president Hosni Mubarak was deposed the previous year.

But After The Army ' S 2013 The Successor Of Mubarak ' Had Overthrown, The First Elected Civilian President And A Brotherhood Officer, Cairo Forbade The Movement Again And Called It A Terror Group.

The Month After The Islamic President ' S Suppressor, The Security Forces Have Eliminated Two Pro-Morsi Protest Camps In Cairo, Killing At Least 700 People.

President Abdel Fattah Al-Sisi ' S Government Has Since Then Executed Dozens Of Brotherhood Members And Detained Thousands.

Sisi, Who Met Donald Trump In April, Reportedly Urged Him To Blacklist The Group.

The White House Announced Tuesday That The Designation" Ways Away Through The Internal Process" .

The Relocation Allows US Officials To Impose Sanctions On A Person Or Organization With Links To It.

But Fawaz Gerges, Professor Of Political Science At The London School Of Economics, Said That While The Movement Would Isolate The Brotherhood, It Would Eventually Adapt.

The Dominant Movement Story Celebrates The Pain And Sacrifice Of Their Members As Part Of Their Political DNA He Said.

That Reflects The Experience Of One Of The Most Important Figures Of The Brotherhood ' Sayyid Qutb.

The American-educated Egypt ian religious scholar was jailed under President Gamal Abdul Nasser in the 1960s.

He Became Harder In Prison And Called For A More Violent Tension Of Islamism Inspired Future Militant Groups, Including Al-Qaeda.

Some Brotherhood members have reacted violently to Egypt 's latest crackdown.

Armed Members Of The Brotherhood Hasm And Liwaa Al-Thawra Originated In 2016 And Have Since Claimed Responsibility For A Series Of Deadly Attacks, Aimed Specifically At Judges And Police.

The Brotherhood Remains A Diverse Movement With A Presence In Many Countries, According To Yehia Hamed, A Brotherhood Member That Was Minister Of Investment In The Government Of Morsi ' S.

He Warned That Blacklisting The Movement Could Drive Muslim Brotherhood Members To Join Groups Such As Al-Qaeda And IS

They Go To The Young Members And Say: ' You Are Peaceful - And Yet You Are Stamped As A Terrorist & He Said

Hamed Said That He Intended To Sue Trump For Being Personally Affected By The Blacklist.

This Is A Smear In My Character And Will Forbid Me To Move Freely To The United States Or Another Country, He Said.

He Accused The White House Of Trying To Please The Strong Allies Of Trump & # X27 In The Region Including Sisi, Saudi Arabia ' S Mohamed Bin Salman And Abu Dhabi Crown Prince Mohamed Bin Zayed.

Ayyash, Who Wrote A Report On The Ideology And Hierarchy Of Brotherhood 'lastmonth,repeatedthoseconcerns.

"Trump would be very shortsighted to disturb America's relations with many countries just to appease Egypt and the United Arab Emirates," he said.

But Khaled Okasha, an Egypt ian ex-brigadier general and member of the country's National Council for Counter-Terrorism, said the Brotherhood poses a widespread threat.

It ' Is Not Just A Problem For Us, This Is A Global Movement, He Told AFP.

Political Islam Has Failed And The Dangers Have Been Exposed.

Gerges Warned That Fragmentation Of The Movement Could Aggravate The" Long Civil War" . In The Region Between Islamists And Nationalists Led By The Army.

"Internally (in Egypt ) and externally, the MB (Muslim Brotherhood) feels besieged and under attack," he said.

It "now faces a reckoning from within, with a new wave of defections and a serious revolt by radicalised members in Egypt ."

Okasha Called The Movement To Blacklist The Group A Positive, Albeit Late, Once And For All Brotherhood ' S Ideology To Come Off."

But Gerges Sounded Another Warning.

It Would Be Premature To Record The Death Announcement Of The Muslim Brotherhood, He Said.