600 universities, 25,000 universities are not accredited in India

NEW DELHI: The possibility of poor grades is the reason behind the lack of participation of 22% of higher education institutions in the National Assessment and Accreditation process (), while 26% of institutions do not apply as they lack permanent faculty and 5.5% for not having a permanent head of the institution.

These are some of the results of the accreditation survey conducted by NAAC, under the Ministry of Human Resources Development (MHRD) in March. He said that 72% of those currently in the process of improving their quality and resources to apply for NAAC accreditation.

The government implemented the revised accreditation framework (RAF) in 2017, which came into effect in 2018 and has so far accredited 74 universities and 1,485 colleges. According to sources from the human resources ministry, there are currently 600 unaccredited universities and 25,000 unaccredited colleges in the country.

Speaking to TOI, NAAC Director Prof said that although the government has made accreditation mandatory, unless it is applied, it will take time for some institutions to apply. “NAAC accreditation is a diagnostic tool. It helps institutions understand and improve themselves. A total of 13,399 institutions have been accredited since its inception in 1994, including 1,559 under the RAF, 2017. A little bit of compliance will act as a catalyst. The government had taken a good step by establishing the State Level Quality Cell (SLQAC). The statewide incentive for accreditation will go a long way. ”

On the importance of accreditation, he said it not only guides students in their decision to pursue higher education, the best universities abroad request the institute's accreditation details.

By launching RAF, NAAC had ensured transparency and objectivity. NAAC has set the tone for the digitalized era of assessment and accreditation, in which 70% of the weighting will be assessed through ICT and 30% through peer team visits. Now he is planning to improve his accreditation numbers to an average of 2,500 IES in a year, from the 1,500 existing.

A large number of unaccredited colleges are government-run institutions or are in rural areas, which is now the push area for NAAC.

Fewer than 1% of universities administered the highest A ++ rating, while 66.4% of universities rated B ++ to B. Among universities, 6.5% received A ++ rating under the RAF , while 51.4% was rated between B ++ and B grades.

“Under the RAF, the ratings are more objective and more data-oriented than before. Previously it was 100% peer team verification. It was not 100% objective ... If it is not mathematical, it becomes subjective. Now 70% is objective and 30% is subjective. If you don't find the evidence the institutions claim, you can't register it for evaluation, Sharma said.

“Now we want to adopt machine learning and artificial intelligence in accreditation to speed things up and take it to the next level. Also now NAAC's mission is to maintain rural and government universities, he said.