MNREGA adds jobs, but few benefit
NEW DELHI: In the wake of the coronavirus pandemic, the job guarantee program is overdoing itself in job delivery, but it is providing aid to very few people, signaling the challenges ahead as the government seeks to take advantage of the scheme to help the pandemic. -about unemployment with salaried employment.
MGNREGA has generated 3.59 million million days of work in the country in the financial year 2020-21. An overwhelming share of work can be attributed to the nine days since April 20, when the plan resumed after the national shutdown. However, it has provided jobs to only around 49 lakh people.
It presents a stark contrast to the pattern witnessed in 2019-20. April 2019 generated 91 lakh of work days, much lower than the corresponding month of this year, pointing to high demand as a result of the coronavirus blockade and job loss.
However, when MGNREGA generated 264 million million people throughout the 2019-20 period, up to 7.87 million people participated, indicating the large area of influence of the employment program that addresses struggling work.
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This year's pattern, therefore, points to intense exploitation of the work schedule in some states, even if it has seriously failed in many large states. The skewed graph indicates that MGNREGA is providing jobs to a smaller portion of needy rural households.
One reason appears to be that the scheme is working well in states where the coronavirus has had limited impact while facing serious obstacles in states affected by the pandemic.
Andhra Pradesh leads the table with 111 lakh days of work followed by Chhattisgarh, who has provided 80.74 lakh person days. One of the biggest failures appears to be Uttar Pradesh, which has achieved just 6.05 lakh days of work despite its large rural poor population.