India ready to take a step forward, assume a larger global role in the 'polarized' world: Jaishankar
NEW DELHI: In a post-globalization world that is fractured ... with polarized debates, India is willing to step forward and play a broader global role, the Foreign Minister said on Monday.
Addressing a conference for him, he said that India challenge is to undertake deep reforms and address long-standing governance problems.
In taking a horizon tour over the emerging geopolitical landscape, Jaishankar said that Indian strategy will have to be more complex and nuanced in a world that is changing faster than we can imagine, as we fight to absorb a nationalist. America , a rising China, a divided Europe, a resurgence Russia , a normalizing Japan, an insecure ASEAN, and an even more disturbed middle east. Other continents and regions are not without their own challenge s, including ours. Economic rebalancing has now started to translate into its political manifestation. And that means a fundamental overhaul of global architecture.”
The rebalancing of the world, he said, is accompanied by a growing nationalism in vast geographies. There is no doubt that the general mood is more competitive; Some would say it is more selfish. The very nature of politics has changed in different societies and the disapproval of those who lost does not make it less legitimate.
Multilateralism is a victim, alliances have eroded as the United States has changed its own perspective and behavior, he said. Interestingly, this opens the space for plurilaterals and coalitions of willing powers, as well as middle powers, such as India, that find more space to operate: it may be logical for India to emerge as an industry leader to this respect, whether RIC, SCO, Quad or JAI.
An equally big challenge comes from the fact that while supply chains, , terrorism, climate change and pandemics cut across national borders, there is less inclination among the big powers to coordinate and work together, top provide global good.
In the economic domain, the challenge s have multiplied – “the world trading system has felt the pressure of gains that some accrued from structural advantages. At a stage, it had to turn political; it finally did. But today, this argument extends beyond to non-trade domains like connectivity projects, technology choices, data protection and security as well as IPR adherence. All of them have strategic connotations…” India’s economic decisions, in terms of trade and opening up has acquired different complexions. “Our economic engagement with the world also requires careful deliberation and effective preparation lest we end up eroding our own capacities. How to do that best in this emerging geopolitical landscape is a complex exercise that deserves serious strategizing.”
Even as the world changes, it has not only been more welcoming to India, but India has made a difference in international results in recent years, he said. “Whether in terms of technology, best practices or resources, there is a propensity to partner with a nation whose perspectives are clearly so assured. ... We have significantly shaped the debate about connectivity at a time when the world was still confused. And we back it up with a lot of projects, even in our immediate neighborhood. Our determined campaign against terrorism has focused this issue on key global forums, including the G20. With regard to maritime safety, India has become a key player, especially in the Indian Ocean. ”
Calling for more “sober conversations”, Jaishankar said, “Not only has the landscape become more difficult but the very articulation of interests has come under challenge . Competition is not just amongst states but often within them, reflecting the tension between the older order and the emerging one. When ideologies, identities and history mix with business, politics and strategy, it can create a very potent cocktail.”