Traffic jam: vehicles us. improved from 5 mn to 303 mn in 40 years

Chennai: There is a reason for end-to-end traffic on Indian roads. The number of vehicles registered in the country increased from only 5.4 million units in 1981 to almost 303 million units in 2019, an increase of 5500%. This includes cars, SUVs, taxis, tractors, buses, two- and three-wheelers, trucks and people transport. Only cars, SUVs and taxis on Indian roads have increased almost 40 times in almost 40 years. According to SIAM statistics, estimates place the total number of passenger vehicles registered in 1981 at 1.2 million units. This increased to just over 10 million in 2005 and 40 million in 2019. The exponential increase in cars shows the impact that a scrapping policy could have on both the environment and the health of the automotive industry, automotive consultants say .

India's two-wheeled population went from 2.6 million units to 228 million units in just under 40 years. Most of this outbreak has happened in the last 15 years or so. The two-wheel park went from almost 59 million in 2005 to 169 million in 2016. In contrast, the number of buses running on Indian roads has increased from 0.2 million units to 1.5 million units in the last 40 years. The number of freight vehicles has also increased, but not as much as personal vehicles: in 39 years, the population went from 0.6 million units to 11.4 million units. Other categories, including tractors, trailers, three-wheelers, etc., have also increased from 0.9 million units to almost 22 million units in the same period.

Currently, there are about 3 million registered commercial vehicles (buses and good vehicles) on roads that are over 15 years old. According to a report by the Dart stock research firm, the total number of vehicles registered between 1991 and 2005 includes 7.37 million passenger vehicles, 45 million two-wheelers, 0.56 million buses and 2.68 million trucks/merchandise vehicles . “While the government has only been talking about scrapping commercial vehicles, the industry has been asking for scrapping of all older vehicles, including cars and two-wheelers. The extent to which older vehicles will be disposed will depend on whether scrapping will be mandatory or voluntary. If you volunteer, the impact may not be so great, said Ashish Modani, vice president of ICRA.