A year of terrorist attack in Pulwama: what happened and how India responded

NEW DELHI: On this day, a year ago, forty CRPF staff members were martyred when a CRPF convoy was attacked by terrorists in Jammu. The attack was followed by weeks of intense military skirmishes across the border between the two sides.

Here is a look at the attack and the events that took place after him ...

The attack - target CRPF convoy, 40 martyrs

At 3:00 p.m. on February 14, 2019, a Pakistan-backed Jaish-e-Mohammed suicide bomber rammed a vehicle loaded with explosives against a CRPF convoy on the Jammu-Srinagar national road near Awantipora in the Jammu district and Kashmir in Pulwama. The convoy consisted of 78 buses carrying around 2,500 people from the CRPF. The convoy was addressing Srinagar from Jammu.

The author was identified as Adil Ahmad Dar, a 22-year-old from Kakapora, Pulwama.

Forty members of the CRPF were martyred in the attack and another 35 were injured. It was the deadliest terrorist attack against security personnel in the state of India in Kashmir since 1989. 2

The reaction: countries around the world condemn the attack

National protests broke out against the horrible terrorist attack, even when the country said goodbye to their brave hearts. The leaders of all parties and civil society condemned the attack and asked for an adequate response.

I feel the same fire in my heart that is furious inside you, Prime Minister Narendra Modi would declare on February 17, days after the attack.

The United Nations and several countries around the world condemned the Pulwama terrorist attack and extended their support to India in the fight against terrorism.

China, the all-weather friend of Pakistan also supported the resolution of the United Nations Security Council (UNSC) on the atrocious and cowardly terrorist attack of Pulwama that was unanimously adopted by the permanent and non-permanent member countries of the global body.

After the attack, India launched great diplomatic efforts to get JeM chief Masood Azhar appointed as a global terrorist, which finally came true on May 1 when China lifted its technical control over a proposal submitted by the United States, the United Kingdom and France. in the 1267 Committee of the UN Security Council. 3

Retaliation: air strikes in the terror fields in Balakot

Twelve days after the attack on the CRPF convoy, in the early hours of February 26, Indian Air Force planes bombed the JeM camp in Balakot, in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan. The air raid was the first time since the Indo-Pakistani War of 1971 that attacking fighter planes had crossed the Control Line.

According to news reports, 12 Mirage 2000 aircraft were involved in the operation. The aircraft carried precision-guided ammunition SPICE 2000 and Popeye and were backed by four Sukhoi Su-30MKI, Netra and Phalcon aircraft for early warning and control, a Heron IAI UAV and two Ilyushin Il-78 air refueling aircraft.

In an intelligence-led operation in the early hours of today (February 26), India hit the largest JeM training camp in Balakot. In this operation, a large number of terrorists, coaches, commanders and groups of JeM jihadists who were being trained for the action of the fidayeen. This facility in Balakot was headed by MAULANA YOUSUF AZHAR (aka USTAD GHOURI), brother-in-law of MASOOD AZHAR, Chief of JeM, the then Foreign Secretary said at a press conference later. on day. 4

Counter-retaliation: PAF planes cross the LoC

India has committed without the need for aggression to which Pakistan will respond at the time and place of its election ... The Armed Forces and the people of Pakistan will remain prepared for all eventualities, said Pakistan Prime Minister Imran Khan, after the attack

A day later, on February 27, the IAF frustrates an attempt by PAF to attack military installations in Jammu and Kashmir. In the skirmish, the IAF also lost a Mi-17 transport helicopter.

Later, the Indian army declared that three Pakistan Air Force planes had crossed the control line from Nowshera, J&K and had dropped bombs on Nadian, Laam Jhangar, Kerri in the Rajouri district and the Hamirpur area of ​​Bhimber Galli in Poonch, before being rejected by six aircraft of the Indian Air Force. 5

Wing commander Abhinandan Varthaman captured

In the skirmish, wing commander Abhinandan Varthaman who was flying a MiG-21 Bison plane shot down a very advanced F-16 from PAF. However, his plane was also hit and, when ejected, his parachute landed in PoK, where he was captured by the Pakistani army.

Later, Pakistan released videos and photographs of Varthaman in custody. Pakistani soldiers interrogated him while they blindfolded him with a bloody face. Other videos showed him receiving first aid and being interrogated during a tea. 6

Varthaman crosses the Wagah border

A day later, Prime Minister Imran Khan announced in Parliament that Varthaman would be released. Shah Mehmood Qureshi, Pakistan's Foreign Minister, said his government announced the release of the IAF wing commander for peace. Prime Minister Narendra Modi welcomed the release of Abhinandan in a political demonstration, stating that the nation was proud of him. On March 1, 2019, an IAF delegation received Varthaman across the Wagah border.