Ecological transport will reach cars in the main cities of the world by 2030
LONDON: From public transport to cycling, sustainable transport is on track to outperform driving in the world's largest cities in a decade, according to a statement released on Monday.
Private car trips will decrease by 10% on average by 2030 to represent less than half of the entire city, while public transportation, walking and cycling will increase in popularity, according to the Futures study.
It is a job for each mayor, for each city government to do something, said the mobility director of the research consultancy Kantar, which produced the study, based on surveys in 31 cities.
Cities are beginning to understand that you don't build your city around a certain means of transport ... You must build your city around people.
More than half of the world's population lives in cities and is expected to increase to almost 70% by 2050, creating increasing pressure for space.
Many urban authorities fighting against blocked centers and air pollution seek to discourage private car trips, while the rise of shared bicycle schemes and small electric vehicles provide residents with new ways of moving.
Private car travel currently accounts for just over half of all trips made in major cities, but will be reduced to 46% by 2030, according to researchers who surveyed more than 200,000 residents in cities from New York to Nairobi.
Trips made by public transport, bicycle or on foot will rise to reach a combined 49% of city trips during the same period, creating a global turning point towards a sustainable trip, according to the study.
Much of the change is being driven by an increase in rental transport schemes and by authorities to share the streets, the researchers said, while a generational change has seen younger people adopt new ways of moving.
About 40% of people around the world said they were open to new forms of travel, the researchers said, although cities must act to invest in technology such as digital payments and exchange schemes to allow the shift to greener transport .
The growing awareness of pollution and congestion caused by car use was helping to drive change, agreed the Transport and Environment environmental campaign group, although it said cities should go further.
We are witnessing this trend, but we should not just relax and rest, he said.
We should really make sure that the alternatives to a private car are zero emission, shared and attractive at the same time.