The proportion of women in the workforce continues to decline

NEW DELHI: more than half of the woman Those who never finish school end up doing full-time housework. But almost 95% of those who study until graduation or earn a diploma escape the heavy work of housework, says Economic Survey 2020.

Continuing education past school dramatically improves the prospects of woman to be employed, it says, expressing concern over declining female labour force participation ratio. Failure to acquire skills or attain the desired level of education keeps them out of the job market and ties them down to household chores for all their productive years , says the survey.

An analysis of the Periodic (PLFS) 2017-18 shows that for the productive age group (15-59 years ), only 5.3% of highly educated woman (graduate and above) are engaged in full-time domestic duties while the figure for those educated up to secondary level is 54.6%.

Worryingly, among woman aged 30-59 who dropped out of school, the proportion of those doing domestic duties increased from 46% in 2004-05 to 65.4% in 2017-18. In the age group of 15-59 years , about 60% of woman were outside the labour market, stuck to domestic duties, compared to less than 1% of males.

The Economic Survey goes on to cite data share analysis, based on various rounds of NSO-Employment and Unemployment Survey and Periodic Labour Force Survey 2017-18 estimates. As per the data, female labour force participation ratio (LFPR) for productive age-group (15-59 years ) shows a declining trend. Female labour force participation declined by 7.8 percentage points from 33.1% in 2011-12 to 25.3% in 2017-18. “To understand this trend, the activity status of females outside the workforce was examined separately for youth (15-29), as well as for the age groups (30-59 and 15-59), he says.

Female LFPR is higher in rural areas than in urban areas, and the rate of decline was also higher in rural areas.

In 2017-18, more men (10.5%) were unemployed than young woman (3%). Proportion of youth in educational institutions has risen faster from 23% in 2004-05 to 38.5% in 2017-18 for young males, while for young woman proportion almost doubled from 15.8% in 2004-05 to 30.3% in 2017-18.