After the cold December, the wettest January in India in 15 years

NEW DELHI: This winter season is still news. In December there was a record in January and now January is the wettest that India has experienced in 15 years. Registered records show throughout the country rain During this month it has been 67% above normal (until January 30), with the northern, eastern and northeastern regions receiving almost 80% of excess rainfall.

Experts said that cold conditions and conditions in January, particularly in northern India, have been ideal for rabbi crops such as wheat, which is headed for an excellent harvest.

All-India average rain in January so far has been 27.9mm, highest since 2005, when 28.1mm was recorded, met records reveal. Winter rain is mainly regulated by western disturbances (WDs) — pulses of moist winds travelling from regions close to the Mediterranean, which bring wet to north and, at times, central India.

“Normally, there are five to seven WDs in January. This month, we got 10. Not just that, many of these WDs came in through a more southerly path which brought rain to the northern plains in addition to the western Himalayan states,” said Mrutyunjay Mohapatra, head of .

An additional factor brought rain to many parts of central India as well. “This month, we saw several of the WDs being supported by easterly winds from Bay of . The confluence of the two systems increased the geographical spread of the rain , with Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh and Odisha too getting wet weather,” Mohapatra said.

The weather in January was a great contrast to December, when there was no WD for a period of 16-17 days, except for a single weak disturbance, during which daytime temperatures remained well below normal in northern India, which led to the cold spell day over the region since 1901.

In January, a WD struck northern India every three days on average, not only bringing frequent rains, but also preventing a sharp drop in temperatures. So, while January remained cold, there were no extreme temperature events.

“Las condiciones climáticas de este mes, al menos sobre el norte de la India, han sido muy buenas para los cultivos de rabi, particularmente el trigo. Tenemos rain cada pocos días, mientras que apenas ha habido lluvias fuertes o solo algunos hechizos de granizo. Además, los episodios de niebla han sido pocos y los cultivos han recibido suficiente luz solar , dijo M L Jat, un científico principal de agricultura del Centro Internacional de Mejoramiento de Trigo y Maíz sin fines de lucro, mejor conocido por su acrónimo en español, Cimmyt.

In line with the climatic conditions so far, among other factors, several agencies have forecast record wheat production this year, which could brighten the rural economy that has experienced a slowdown in recent months.