SC confirmed the highest number of death sentences in 2019: report

NEW DELHI: First instance courts in India imposed 102 death sentences this year and that was a significant drop of 162 death sentences in 2018, according to a new study. But the Supreme Court registered an inverse trend with the highest number of death sentences granted in 2019 (27) since 2001.

These are the findings of the Death Penalty Report in India of Project 39A of the National Law University, Delhi. As of now, there are 378 prisoners sentenced to death in India as of December 31, 2019, according to the study. The highest number is in (54) followed by Maharashtra (45) and (34), (28) and (27).

Although fewer death sentences have been issued, the proportion of black arrest warrants imposed for sexual crimes that ended in murder are the highest in four years. The courts granted the death penalty for murder with sexual crimes in 18% (27 of 150) of the cases in 2016. In 2019, this increased to the maximum in four years with 52.94% (54 of 102 convictions).

This was also the year with the highest number of confirmations by the higher courts in four years (65.38% or 17 of 26), with a significant number of crimes involving murder involving sexual crimes.

The Supreme Court in 2019 delivered the largest number of decisions (27) in capital cases since 2001, mainly under the mandate of the former President of the Supreme Court.

Despite the drop in the total number of death sentences imposed by the court of sessions, the proportion of sexual crimes in these cases increased from 41.35% (67 of 162) in 2018 to 52.94% in 2019 (54 of 102 sentences).

In contrast, murder crimes involving sexual crimes comprise only 26.79% (15 of 56) of the commutes of the Superior Courts. However, in the SC, 64.71% (11 of 17) of the commuted death sentences were murder cases involving sexual crimes, with 57.14% (4 of 7) of the confirmations being murder cases involving sexual crimes .