The Kalapani dispute: everything you need to know
The MEA clarified on Thursday that the political map of India published after the reorganization of J&K has not in any way reviewed the border with Nepal. The moment is significant, as it occurs in the midst of a concern with Nepal over the territorial claims of the India-Nepal-China trijunction. Nepalese media have published reports of a probable bilateral dialogue with India on January 15 on the subject.
So what is the ?
Kalapani is an area of 372 square kilometers in the triple union China-Nepal-India. India states that Kalapani is part of Uttarakhand, while Nepal represents the area on its map. The border dispute erupted again after India launched its new political map, after the reorganization of J&K, showing the area as its own.
According to the Sugauli treaty signed between Nepal and British India in 1816, the Mahakali River that crosses the Kalapani area is the boundary between the two countries. However, British surveyors subsequently showed the origin of the river, which has many tributaries, in different places. While Nepal claims that the river west of the disputed territory is the main river, so Kalapani falls into its territory, India claims a different origin and includes the area in its territory.
Strategically, the Lipulekh Pass in Kalapani serves as an important point of view for India to monitor Chinese movements. Since 1962, Kalapani has been manned by the Indo-Tibetan border police.
The Supreme Court of Nepal has searched this week for the original map of the country exchanged with India during the signing of the Sugauli Treaty, which was exchanged by signing a boundary treaty with India in 1960, the map published by the East-India Company on February 1, 1827, and a separate map published by the British government in 1847.
Kalapani is such an emotional issue for Nepal and its citizens that India's decision to expand trade with China through the Lipulekh Pass created a furor in Kathmandu with the Nepalese Parliament seeking to hear from the government whether the India-China agreement undermines sovereignty from Nepal.