Guru Gobind Singh Jayanti 2020: Date, history, importance, importance and celebrations

The new year 2020 begins with an auspicious occasion. On January 2, it is Guru Gobind Singh Jayanti.

Guru Gobind Singh Jayanti is the anniversary of the birth of Guru Gobind Singh, the tenth guru or saint in Sikhism. He was born on December 22, 1666 according to the Gregorian calendar, but his birth anniversary is calculated according to a lunar calendar and, therefore, is celebrated on this day. He became a guru at the tender age of 9 and had a great impact on the Sikhs with all the miraculous works he did during his life. Throughout his life, he faced the Mughals who ruled during that time and fought against injustice. It was his leadership that inspired people's courage to stand up against the oppressive government of the time. He created the Khalsa, a military force of holy soldiers he baptized. Under his leadership, they followed a strict moral code and spiritual discipline. He was a military and spiritual leader for his people and his courage and teachings inspire many, even today.

He made Sikh religion what it is and its teachings significantly form the core of religion. It was he who declared Guru Granth Sahib, Sacred Scripture as the permanent Sikh Guru and his teachings are also respected by those of other religions.


Guru Gobind Singh Jayanti is celebrated by the Sikhs and even those who do not identify as Sikh but believe in the teachings of Guru Gobind Singh. People who celebrate this day go to a Gurudwara, the Sikh house of worship, where special prayer meetings are organized for the day. There are often talks about history: the life, teachings and impact of Guru Gobind Singh, special lectures on his teachings and poetry recitals, because the Guru was also a great poet. There are special dishes prepared to enjoy this day.

In some places, it is common for large processions to spread joy as they pass through markets or colonies in Guru Gobind Singh Jayanti singing devotional songs during the public march and distributing sweets and cold drinks (such as sharbat) among adults and children, regardless of their religion . . Some of these processions are organized by Gurudwaras and the procession includes the Guru Granth Sahib who is accompanied on a special pedestal.

Many families honor the day at home by holding kirtans, celebrating with devotional songs and their loved ones, both family and friends. Many families practice seva, a charitable behavior that is an important part of the Sikh religion. They usually prepare food and distribute it to those in need, although other forms of charity are also acceptable.