India-Sweden join forces against stubble burning to deal with air pollution

NEW DELHI: The prime minister saw the innovations for sustainable development and partnership that took off on Monday Narendra Modi and make a virtual launch of the technology, tested in pilot mode, which can be useful to combat the problem of burning stubble. The states surrounding Delhi are seen as one of the main factors behind Diwali and increasing pollution.

Currently operational in pilot mode, the technology that involves a torrification process converts rice straw into green biocarbon.

The pilot located on the campus of the National Institute of Agrifood Biotechnology of Mohali has the capacity to convert 150-200 kilograms of rice straw into biocarbon every hour and reduce CO2 emissions by 95 percent. The energy potential of the current pilot project in Punjab rises to 15,000 megawatts.

The plant's plan, if extended using the available technology, has the potential to convert two tons of rice straw per hour into biocarbon.

The generated biocarbon can be easily mixed with the coal used in thermal power plants, thus helping power plant operators to meet their mixing obligations.

According to the details shared in the official Twitter account of the Swedish Embassy in India, the pilot project to convert agricultural waste into biocarbon has been established with the support of the Office of the Chief Scientific Advisor of India and the biotechnology department in collaboration with the Swedish company Bioendev to address the burning of crop stubble and in India. The Embassy also shared a video in the same tweet that shows the process of converting rice straw into bio coal in Mohali.

According to the Business Sweden delegation here, the pilot is considered an important step in the joint Indo-Swedish effort to showcase technologies that work in a circular economy approach and reduce stubble burning.